Autocephaly recognized by Ecumenical Patriarchate, in communion with Ecumenical Patriarchate  :. The Apostles appointed successors, known as bishops , and they in turn appointed other bishops in a process known as Apostolic succession. Over time, five Patriarchates were established to organize the Christian world, and four of these ancient Patriarchates remain Orthodox today. Orthodox Christianity reached its present form in Late Antiquity in the period from the 3rd to the 8th century , when the Ecumenical Councils were held, doctrinal disputes were resolved, the Fathers of the Church lived and wrote, and Orthodox worship practices settled into their permanent form including the liturgies and the major holidays of the Church. In the early medieval period , Orthodox missionaries spread Christianity towards the north, to the Bulgarians , Serbs , Russians and others.
The St. It is dedicated to Simeon Stylites the Younger. During the aerial bombing attack on the city in February , the church was the only building within a wide area which remained relatively intact. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bruckmann Verlag. Retrieved 20 June This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German.
Autocephaly recognized by Ecumenical Patriarchate, in communion with Ecumenical Patriarchate  :. The Latvian Orthodox Church [a] is a self-governing , i. The primate of the church carries the title of Metropolitan of Riga and all Latvia. Orthodoxy was planted in Latvia in the 11th century, when it became a mission field of the diocese of Polotsk.
The assembly was held in Moscow in the Chisty Lane patriarchal residence that just had been returned to the Moscow Patriarchate by Soviet Government. The assembly also decided to excommunicate all bishops and priests, who "had betrayed their country and went into the fascist camp". The assembly was attended by 19 bishops: all the bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church who at that time held their positions on the territories not occupied by Nazi troops , except the bishop of Kuban and Krasnodar Photius Topiro , whose reasons of absence are unknown, and Archbishop Barlaam Pikalov of Sverdlovsk assigned to his office from the Komi Republic field-crop-walkers one day before the opening of the Counsil. Besides the bishops Archpriest Nikolai Kolchitsky, rector of the Yelokhovo Cathedral in Moscow also participated in the assembly. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.